Harm to others outweighs harm to self in moral decision making.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-8knns-dd9b38

Textbooks say things like: “the majority of participants sacrificed more money to reduce the stranger’s pain than their own pain.” Are they right?

Crockett, Kurth-Nelson, Siegel, Dayan, & Dolan (2014). Harm to others outweighs harm to self in moral decision making. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(48), 17320–17325.

Facebook

“Effect of social-class belonging on the cognitive dissonance resulting from threat severity.”

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-zapyy-dcd0b7

This week I look at evidence for the effect of class on cognitive dissonance from 

Clémence (1990). Effect of social-class belonging on the cognitive dissonance resulting from threat severity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 20(6), 525–529.

https://www.facebook.com/The-Mind-in-1500-Words-107482607510237

“Response to Tricyclic Antidepressants: Independent of Gender?”

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-6nhjg-dc0288

Textbooks make claims like: “Males and females may respond in about the same way to tricyclic antidepressants,” should we believe this? 

 

Wohlfarth, Storosum, Elferink, van Zwieten,, Fouwels, & van den Brink, W. (2004). Response to Tricyclic Antidepressants: Independent of Gender? American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(2), 370–372.

 

https://www.facebook.com/The-Mind-in-1500-Words-107482607510237

Sadder and less accurate? False memory for negative material in depression.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-fmtfk-db4f86

Today we look at evidence that people suffering major depressive disorder are more likely to create certain false memories.

Joormann, Teachman, & Gotlib, (2009). Sadder and less accurate? False memory for negative material in depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(2), 412–417.

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Effects of appearance-based admonitions against sun exposure on tanning intentions in young adults.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-gu48t-da89fb

Textbooks say that telling people about how tanning makes them less attractive reduces tanning and associated risks. Are they right?

Jones & Leary (1994). Effects of appearance-based admonitions against sun exposure on tanning intentions in young adults. Health Psychology, 13, 86–90.

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Self-awareness and other-awareness: Mirror self-recognition and synchronic imitation among unfamiliar peers.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-9x3m2-d9daa4

Does awareness of oneself as a distinct entity tend to come with awareness of others as other people?

Asendorpf & Baudonnière (1993). Self-awareness and other-awareness: Mirror self-recognition and synchronic imitation among unfamiliar peers. Developmental Psychology, 29(1), 88-95

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The development of children’s knowledge about inner speech

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-y9a5v-d9223d

Textbooks claim: “preschoolers do not recognise the importance of ‘inner speech’ — using words inside one’s head — while performing tasks such as mental arithmetic.” Should we believe them?

 

Flavell, Green, Flavell, & Grossman, (1997). The development of children’s knowledge about inner speech. Child Development, 68(1), 39–47.

 

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Facebook profiles reflect actual personality, not self-idealization.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-8u5ee-d85940

Sorry about the recording quality, I’m too sick to fix it now.

Back, M. D., Stopfer, J. M., Vazire, S., Gaddis, S., Schmukle, S. C., Egloff, B., & Gosling, S. D. (2010). Facebook profiles reflect actual personality, not self-idealization. Psychological Science, 21(3), 372–374.

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Mirror self-recognition in the bottlenose dolphin: A case of cognitive convergence.

https://www.podbean.com/media/share/pb-3a9uj-d61cda

Can dolphins recognise themselves in mirrors? 

Riess and Marino (2001) Mirror self-recognition in the bottlenose dolphin: A case of cognitive convergence. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 98, 5937-5942.

says yes.

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