Textbooks say things like: “the majority of participants sacrificed more money to reduce the stranger’s pain than their own pain.” Are they right?
Crockett, Kurth-Nelson, Siegel, Dayan, & Dolan (2014). Harm to others outweighs harm to self in moral decision making. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(48), 17320–17325.
This week I look at evidence for the effect of class on cognitive dissonance from
Clémence (1990). Effect of social-class belonging on the cognitive dissonance resulting from threat severity. European Journal of Social Psychology, 20(6), 525–529.
Textbooks make claims like: “Males and females may respond in about the same way to tricyclic antidepressants,” should we believe this?
Wohlfarth, Storosum, Elferink, van Zwieten,, Fouwels, & van den Brink, W. (2004). Response to Tricyclic Antidepressants: Independent of Gender? American Journal of Psychiatry, 161(2), 370–372.
Today we look at evidence that people suffering major depressive disorder are more likely to create certain false memories.
Joormann, Teachman, & Gotlib, (2009). Sadder and less accurate? False memory for negative material in depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(2), 412–417.
Textbooks say that telling people about how tanning makes them less attractive reduces tanning and associated risks. Are they right?
Jones & Leary (1994). Effects of appearance-based admonitions against sun exposure on tanning intentions in young adults. Health Psychology, 13, 86–90.
Does awareness of oneself as a distinct entity tend to come with awareness of others as other people?
Asendorpf & Baudonnière (1993). Self-awareness and other-awareness: Mirror self-recognition and synchronic imitation among unfamiliar peers. Developmental Psychology, 29(1), 88-95
Textbooks claim: “preschoolers do not recognise the importance of ‘inner speech’ — using words inside one’s head — while performing tasks such as mental arithmetic.” Should we believe them?
Flavell, Green, Flavell, & Grossman, (1997). The development of children’s knowledge about inner speech. Child Development, 68(1), 39–47.
Sorry about the recording quality, I’m too sick to fix it now.
Back, M. D., Stopfer, J. M., Vazire, S., Gaddis, S., Schmukle, S. C., Egloff, B., & Gosling, S. D. (2010). Facebook profiles reflect actual personality, not self-idealization. Psychological Science, 21(3), 372–374.
Join us at:
Nosek et al (2009). National differences in gender–science stereotypes predict national sex differences in science and math achievement. PNAS, 106(26), 10593–10597
Can dolphins recognise themselves in mirrors?
Riess and Marino (2001) Mirror self-recognition in the bottlenose dolphin: A case of cognitive convergence. Proceedings of the national academy of sciences, 98, 5937-5942.
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